AbstractIntimate partner violence (IPV) has been associated with the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD may develop after being exposed to traumatic events, however, not all victims develop it. This study analyses the predictors of PTSD, considering the impact of IPV, childhood trauma, attachment styles and social support in a sample of victims and nonvictims
of IPV. This is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 196 participants who answered questionnaires in the form of a self-report. The results revealed that victims of IPV had a greater report of childhood trauma, more insecure bonding styles, higher levels of PTSD and less social support, when compared to non-victims. Childhood trauma proved to be a Predictor of PTSD symptoms. This study shows the impact that IPV has on mental health and underlines the role of trauma and unsafe, anxious and avoiding attachment styles as risk factors for PTSD. It is important to develop effective interventions that address these specific attachment patterns in psychotherapy in order to reduce symptoms in IPV victims.
|Date of Award||9 Feb 2021|
|Supervisor||Eleonora C. V. Costa (Supervisor)|
- Intimate partner violence
- Childhood trauma
- Attachment styles
- Mestrado em Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde