Influenza is a contagious respiratory disease that is easily transmitted and usually heals spontaneously. Even with vaccination, it sometimes causes mild to severe illness. Throughout the world, until now, it has been considered a major cause of morbidity and mortality, constituting a public health problem, because the virus that causes it, frequently mutates requiring a new vaccination every year, and even then, it is not fully effective. In turn, the 2020/2021 flu season took place in a time in which the whole world is involved in the Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, which led to an earlier start of vaccination, in a phased manner, and the inclusion, in the free of charge, of professionals from places where there is a higher risk of outbreaks, decreed by the Directorate General of Health. Taking into consideration that cohabitation favors the dissemination of the virus, the Public Health Unit Loures Odivelas, decided, besides the elderly, to also prioritize children and adolescents residing in host institutions, as well as their professionals. It was in this scope that we developed this project.The project's main objective was to prevent influenza and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in institutionalized children and adolescents, as well as their professionals, and to promote health through health literacy in a sample of this multiple population, consisting of four foster care institutions. The health planning methodology was used in all its phases. The theoretical model used was Nola Pender's health promotion model, which helped us to better respond to the health needs found in the situation diagnosis phase and in the promotion of health literacy. As a result, we obtained a population immunized against seasonal flu and thus decreasing the possible consequences of COVID-19 and a group of adolescents more empowered to protect themselves and their community against the same disease. Although it was not possible to measure the impact of nursing interventions, we can say that we achieved the objectives of this internship and this project, particularly the acquisition of the specialist nurse's skills specific to Community Health Nursing and Public Health.
|Date of Award
|23 Nov 2021
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa
|Elisa Maria Bernardo Garcia (Supervisor)
- Public health nursing
- Influenza prevention
- Health literacy