Biocontamination and diversity of epilithic bacteria and fungi colonising outdoor stone and mortar sculptures

Nádia C. Silva, Ana R. Madureira, Manuela Pintado, Patrícia R. Moreira*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisa

Resumo

Microbial communities colonising outdoor sculptures form intricate and dynamic ecosystems, which can accelerate the deterioration processes of the artworks and pose challenges to their conservation. In this study, the bacterial and fungal communities colonising the surfaces of five contemporary outdoor sculptures were characterised by high-throughput sequencing. The sculptures, made of marble, granite, Ançã limestone and mortar, are in urban parks and squares in the district of Porto, Portugal. The analysis of the microbial populations revealed great taxonomic diversity and species richness, including in well-preserved sculptures showing few visible traces of contamination. Proteobacteria, namely the genera Pseudomonas and Sphingomonas, were the core taxa common to all the sculptures, while Massilia and Aureobasidium were dominant only in granite. An abundance of pigment-producing microorganisms, such as Deinococcus, Methylobacterium, Rhodotorula and Sporobolomyces, was also found in granite. These are relevant taxonomic groups that can negatively impact stone and mortar artworks. The study was complemented with colourimetric analyses and bioluminescence assays to measure the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content of samples collected from specific contaminated areas of the sculptures. The characterisation of the microbiomes of sculptures can provide further knowledge on the deterioration risks of this type of artwork in the region and help outline future targeted conservation strategies.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (de-até)3811-3828
Número de páginas18
RevistaApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume106
Número de emissão9-10
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublished - 14 mai 2022

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