Brazilian managers’ ageism: a multiplex perspective

Arménio Rego*, Andreia Vitória, António Tupinambá, Dálcio Reis Júnior, Dálcio Reis, Miguel Pina e Cunha, Rui Lourenço-Gil

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

7 Citações (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the Brazilian managers’ attitudes toward older workers, and how those attitudes explain HRM decisions in hypothetical scenarios. Design/methodology/approach: Brazilian managers (n=201) reported their attitudes toward older workers and their decisions in scenarios involving an older vs a younger applicant/worker. Findings: In spite of expressing positive attitudes toward older workers, a significant number of managers chose a younger one even when the older worker is described as more productive. To build a better understanding of how attitudes predict decisions, it is necessary to identify attitudinal profiles and the interplay between attitudinal dimensions, rather than simply studying each dimension separately. Attitudinal profiling also shows that some managers discriminate against younger workers, a finding, that is, ignored when (only) regressions are taken into account. The managers’ attitudes and behavioral intentions relate with their age. Evidence does not support the double jeopardy effect against older women workers. Research limitations/implications: The sample is small. The scenarios cover a reduced number of HRM decisions. The data about attitudes and decisions were collected simultaneously from a single source. The findings may be influenced by idiosyncrasies of the context. Future studies should also consider real situations, not hypothetical ones. Practical implications: Efforts must be made (e.g. via training and development) to raise managers’ awareness about the consequences of ageism in organizations. Originality/value: Empirical studies about managers’ perceptions/attitudes toward older workers are scarce. Studies in the Brazilian context are even scarcer.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (de-até)414-433
Número de páginas20
RevistaInternational Journal of Manpower
Número de emissão3
Estado da publicaçãoPublished - 2018

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