COVID-19, wellness and life satisfaction in adolescence: individual and contextual issues

Margarida Gaspar de Matos*, Marina Carvalho, Cátia Branquinho, Catarina Noronha, Bárbara Moraes, Tania Gaspar, Fábio Botelho Guedes, Ana Cerqueira, Osvaldo Santos, Nuno Neto Rodrigues

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

4 Citações (Scopus)
8 Transferências (Pure)


During and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, several works reflected on young people’s physical and psychological health. The Dual Factor Model, which we refer to as the quadripartite model, is useful for understanding children’s and adolescents’ psychological health and differentiating them regarding their attitude toward the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this investigation, students from the fifth to twelfth year of schooling enrolled in the DGEEC study “Psychological Health and Wellbeing in Portuguese schools” were considered. Four groups were created based on life satisfaction (low or high) and psychological distress (with or without symptoms). The study included 4444 students (M = 13.39 years ± 2.41), of whom 47.8% were male. Of the participants, 27.2% were in the second cycle of primary education, and 72.8% were in lower and upper secondary education. Differences in gender and education level (as a proxy for age) were observed. Additionally, when considering students’ perceptions of changes in their lives following the COVID-19 pandemic (stayed the same, became worse, became better), these three groups were compared concerning personal and contextual variables, revealing significant differences at both the individual and contextual levels. Finally, the study discusses the influence of education and health professionals and the need for friendly public policies.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número do artigo5600
Número de páginas13
RevistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Número de emissão8
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 20 abr. 2023

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