Development of a smart tool for avocado fruits (Persea americana) ripening evaluation, shelf-life management and waste reduction

Pedro Xavier, Pedro Miguel Rodrigues, Cristina L. M. Silva*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisa

Resumo

Recent years have seen a remarkable growth trend in avocado consumption, with projections that its exports will overpass those of pineapple by 2030, becoming the second most traded tropical fruit. When paired with their high unit value, this growth could make the avocado one of the most important fruit commodities of the next decades.As the production of avocados is still limited to the tropical and subtropical regions, its exports are directly impacted by time-consuming distribution channels. Combined with the relatively high unpredictability of their post-harvest behaviour, this makes avocado fruits highly prone to wasteful practices.The development of non-destructive tools that accurately trace the ripening process of avocado fruits could be key to a better management of their shelf-life, optimizing their post-harvest handling to a point of drastically reducing distribution waste.A smart data-driven tool was developed, that uses Machine Learning to improve the traceability of the ripening process of Hass avocado pears. A total of 476 avocados were divided between three storage groups, with different environmental conditions, and their ripening behaviour was traced by the implementation of an innovative 5-stage Ripening Index, that classified the ripening stage of each sample according to a set of common traits.This information was paired with daily photographs of each avocado, to build a database of labelled image data that was then fed to two Convolutional Neural Networks, AlexNet and ResNet-18, taking advantage of the concept of transfer-learning where pre-trained knowledge is used to improve their adaptation to new sets of data.The networks were trained to recognise the specific visual traits of each ripening stage, so that they could predict the state of new unlabelled data. This knowledge was tested on new datasets, reaching an average final accuracy of 77,8%, with an average of 95,0% of the predictions falling within one stage of the attributed classifications.These results represent an important step for the integration of Computer Vision tools on the post-harvest management of perishable products, which could not only improve shelf-life determinations, but ultimately be expanded into other assessments, with a major potential impact on waste prevention and quality improvement.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas1-49
Número de páginas49
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 2023
Evento7th International ISEKI-Food Conference: Next Generation of Food Research, Education and Industry - Paris, Paris
Duração: 5 jul. 20237 jul. 2023
Número de conferência: 7th
https://iseki-food2023.isekiconferences.com/en/

Conferência

Conferência7th International ISEKI-Food Conference
Título abreviadoISEKI-Food 2023
País/TerritórioFrance
CidadeParis
Período5/07/237/07/23
Endereço da Internet

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