Do ser finito ao ser eterno: a analogia do ‘Eu Sou’ em Edith Stein

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Resumo

Edith Stein finds in the analogia entis the structure of the being. In this study, we aim to present the course traced by the author, to go back from the finite being to the eternal being. Temporality, as Heidegger conceived it in Sein und Zeit, led Stein to consider that this is the mark of the finiteness of the human being, but it is also an indication of the ontological need to receive the being. The temporal finiteness is already ‘movement’ into infinity. Inspired by Przywara, the author starts from the Thomist conception of analogy, but approaching Augustine, and interprets the analogy in the wake of phenomenology, between two people: the human ‘I am’ and the divine ‘I am’. Through the notion of ‘openness’ Stein traces a way to access the eternal being. In the conclusion, we approach the finite-infinite dialectics elaborated by Stein, to that developed by Levinas, since both authors point to a ‘rupture of immanence’. Stein proceeds through the way of interiority with the aid of analogy; Levinas proceeds through the way of exteriority, by the nakedness of the face of the neighbour.
Idioma originalPortuguese
Páginas (de-até)811-842
RevistaRevista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume74
Número de emissão2-3
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 22 out. 2018

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