Membrane organelle function, localization, and proper partitioning upon cell division depend on interactions with the cytoskeleton. Whether, reciprocally, membrane organelles also impact on the function of cytoskeletal elements remains less clear. Here, we show that acute disruption of the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) around spindle poles affects mitotic spindle size and function in Drosophila syncytial embryos. Acute ER disruption was achieved through the inhibition of ER membrane fusion by the dominant-negative cytoplasmic domain of Atlastin. We reveal that when the ER is disrupted specifically at metaphase, mitotic spindles become smaller, despite no significant changes in microtubule dynamics. These smaller spindles are still able to mediate sister chromatid separation, yet with decreased velocity. Furthermore, by inducing mitotic exit, we found that nuclear separation and distribution are affected upon ER disruption. Our results suggest that ER integrity around spindle poles is crucial for the maintenance of mitotic spindle shape and pulling forces. Additionally, ER integrity also ensures nuclear spacing during syncytial divisions.
|Estado da publicação||Publicado - 14 mai 2022|