Evaluating e-health literacy, knowledge, attitude, and health online information in Portuguese university students: a cross-sectional study

Sofia Almeida, Elisabete Pinto, Marta Correia, Nélio Veiga, Armando Almeida*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

6 Transferências (Pure)

Resumo

Background: The main objective of the present study was to assess e-health literacy in a sample of Portuguese university students and its association with the level of knowledge and seeking for COVID-19-related information. Methods: This cross-sectional online study was conducted on Portuguese university students. All students completed a questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, e-health Literacy Scale (eHEALS), and a questionnaire about knowledge, attitude, and health online information seeking. Results: A total of 534 students (76.8% women), with a mean age of 24.3 years old (SD = 7.8), participated in this cross-sectional study, 53.0% of students were from non-health sciences. The mean score of eHEALS literacy was 28.8 (SD = 5.6). Most students (71.1%) classified the Internet as a useful, or very useful, tool in helping them make health related decisions. The use of the Internet as a tool to research health information for a period of two or more hours (OR = 1.9; CI 95% = 1.2; 3.4), to search online for health information on professional websites (OR = 2.3; CI 95% = 1.4; 3.6), to search in official media (OR = 2.3; CI 95% = 1.4; 3.9), and to study in the field of health sciences (OR = 1.6; CI 95% = 1.1; 2.6) increased the likelihood of having sufficient e-health literacy. Conclusion: From a public health perspective, there is a need to develop programs that increase health literacy among university students.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número do artigo271
Número de páginas11
RevistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume21
Número de emissão3
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 27 fev. 2024

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