Finding meaning in unfair experiences: using expressive writing to foster resilience and positive outcomes

Maria Francisca Saldanha*, Laurie J. Barclay

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

8 Citações (Scopus)

Resumo

Decades of research have demonstrated that experiencing workplace unfairness can result in profound negative consequences for employees. Integrating conservation of resources theory with meaning-finding perspectives, we argue that engaging in meaning-finding in the aftermath of unfairness can foster state resilience and promote positive outcomes. To promote meaning-finding, we develop and test a new expressive writing intervention (i.e. a guided writing technique that facilitates the processing of negative experiences). Results indicate that the meaning-finding expressive writing intervention is associated with higher resilience than traditional expressive writing. Moreover, resilience mediates the relationship between meaning-finding (vs. traditional) expressive writing and willingness to reconcile, positive relationships with others, and life satisfaction. Theoretically, our findings highlight that engaging in meaning-finding can transform aversive experiences into opportunities to foster resilience and positive outcomes. Practically, meaning-finding expressive writing provides an effective, simple, and cost-effective tool that can be used by employees and counseling programs to promote recovery.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (de-até)887-905
Número de páginas19
RevistaApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume13
Número de emissão4
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - nov. 2021

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