Gastrointestinal parasites of domestic mammalian hosts in Southeastern Iran

Kareem Hatam-Nahavandi, David Carmena, Mostafa Rezaeian, Hamed Mirjalali, Hanieh Mohammad Rahimi, Milad Badri, Aida Vafae Eslahi, Farzaneh Faraji Shahrivar, Sonia M. Rodrigues Oliveira, Maria de Lourdes Pereira*, Ehsan Ahmadpour*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

3 Citações (Scopus)

Resumo

Gastrointestinal parasites (GIP) are a major cause of disease and production loss in livestock. Some have zoonotic potential, so production animals can be a source of human infections. We describe the prevalence of GIP in domestic mammals in Southeastern Iran. Fresh fecal samples (n = 200) collected from cattle (n = 88), sheep (n = 50), goats (n = 23), camels (n = 30), donkeys (n = 5), horse (n = 1), and dogs (n = 3) were subjected to conventional coprological examination for the detection of protozoan (oo)cysts and helminth ova. Overall, 83% (166/200) of the samples were positive for one or more GIP. Helminths were found in dogs, donkeys, sheep (42%), camels (37%), goats (30%), and cattle (19%), but not in the horse. Protozoa were found in cattle (82%), goats (78%), sheep (60%), and camels (13%), but not in donkeys, dogs, or the horse. Lambs were 3.5 times more likely to be infected by protozoa than sheep (OR = 3.5, 95% CI: 1.05–11.66), whereas sheep were at higher odds of being infected by helminths than lambs (OR = 4.09, 95% CI: 1.06–16.59). This is the first study assessing the prevalence of GIP in domestic mammals in Southeastern Iran.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número do artigo261
RevistaVeterinary Sciences
Volume10
Número de emissão4
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - abr. 2023
Publicado externamenteSim

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