Health-related behaviors and perceived addictions: predictors of depression during the COVID lockdown

Hugo Canas-Simião*, Cátia Reis, Diogo Carreiras, Pedro Espada-Santos, Teresa Paiva

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares


The COVID-19 pandemic led to a worldwide implementation of measures to contain the virus from spreading, and social isolation was one of those measures. Social isolation is associated with increased susceptibility to various neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression. Because this risk varies between populations and their respective habits, understanding which behaviors play a positive or harmful role is fundamental for people with depression under these conditions. This study aims to 1) compare health-related behaviors (HRBs) and perceived addictions between healthy individuals and individuals who reported having a depressive disorder at the time of the first outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in Portugal, and 2) test which HRB and perceived addictions are associated with depression. Participants were a matched for age and sex and comprised 968 adults divided into two groups: healthy (484, 50%) and depressed (484, 50%). They completed online self-report questionnaires, and the data were analyzed in SPSS. Logistic regressions showed that being a health professional, getting up in a later time during weekends, and a higher consumption of soft drinks increased the risk for depression. In contrast, higher education and higher intensity of physical activity decreased this risk. Perceived addictions to TV, social networking, and gaming increased the risk for depression. HRBs and the identified addictions associated with depression during the confinement should be targeted in clinical and community interventions.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (de-até)613-621
Número de páginas9
RevistaJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Número de emissão8
Estado da publicaçãoPublished - 1 ago 2022

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