Influence of sociodemographic and emotional factors on the relationship between self-compassion and perceived stress among men residing in Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic

Emanuel Missias Silva Palma, Anderson Reis de Sousa*, Jules Ramon Brito Teixeira, Wanderson Carneiro Moreira, Ana Caroline Monteiro de Araújo, Luiz Filipe Vieira Souza, Júlio Cézar Ramos dos Anjos, Hannah Souza de Almeida Portela, Herica Emilia Félix de Carvalho, Vinícius de Oliveira Muniz, Nilo Manoel Pereira Vieira Barreto, Éric Santos Almeida, Tilson Nunes Mota, Sélton Diniz dos Santos, Antônio Tiago da Silva Souza, Josielson Costa da Silva, Camila Aparecida Pinheiro Landim Almeida, Luciano Garcia Lourenção, Aline Macêdo de Queiroz, Edmar José Fortes JúniorMagno Conceição das Merces, Shirley Verônica Melo Almeida Lima, Francisca Michelle Duarte da Silva, Nadirlene Pereira Gomes, Maria Lúcia Silva Servo, Evanilda Souza de Santana Carvalho, Sônia Barros, Tânia Maria de Araújo, Márcia Aparecida Ferreira de Oliveira, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

10 Transferências (Pure)

Resumo

The analysis of sociodemographic and emotional factors is essential to understanding how men perceive stress and practice self-compassion. In health crises, this problem becomes an emergency for public health. This study aimed to analyze the influence of sociodemographic and emotional factors on the relationship between self-compassion and the perceived stress of men residing in Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a nationwide cross-sectional study carried out between June and December 2020 with 1006 men who completed a semi-structured electronic questionnaire. Data were collected using the snowball technique. Perceived stress was measured by the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), and self-compassion was assessed using the Self-Compassion Scale. Most men had low self-compassion (51.5%; n = 516) and a moderate level of perceived stress (60.9%; n = 613), while 15.9% (n = 170) had a high level of stress. The prevalence of men in the combined situation of low self-compassion and high perceived stress was 39.4% (n = 334). Living with friends had a higher prevalence of low self-compassion and high perceived stress. The prevalence of common mental disorders was high (54.3%). Men with low levels of self-compassion reported higher levels of perceived stress; however, this association was moderated by emotional and sociodemographic variables. These findings highlight the importance of considering individual and contextual factors in public policies promoting men’s mental health.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número do artigo8159
Número de páginas13
RevistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Número de emissão13
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublished - 1 jul 2022

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