Is oral microbiota associated with overweight and obesity in children and adolescents? a systematic review

Geisy Muniz de Lemos, Cristina Maria Mendes Resende, Camilla Porto Campello, Isabela Silva Ribeiro, Ana Karina Mendes, Elker Lene Santos de Lima, Rafhael Moreira do Carmo de Oliveira, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Barbosa, Maria José Correia, Maria Tereza Cartaxo Muniz*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

4 Citações (Scopus)

Resumo

This article aims to verify the relationship between the composition and diversity of oral microbiota with overweight and obese children and adolescents. This systematic review was registered in PROSPERO, followed PRISMA 2020, and included an electronic search until March 2022, in PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, and The Cochrane Library databases. Studies were eligible if they compared the oral microbiota according to nutrition status among children and adolescents. Independent peers using JBI Critical Appraisal Checklists assessed the quality of studies. Eleven studies were eligible to be included in this review, with a total of 1,695 children and adolescents, 224 were obese, 190 were overweight, 1,154 were eutrophics and 127 were underweight. The most frequent phyla in overweight and obese children and adolescents, in comparison to their counterparts were Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Fusobacteria. It was identified that nine of the eleven articles selected showed an association between oral microbiota and overweight and obesity in children and adolescents. We observed that there is an important association between oral bacterial composition diversity and overweight and obesity. This finding indicates the relevance of the evaluation and surveillance in oral health to control cases of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (de-até)4275-4285
Número de páginas11
RevistaCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Volume64
Número de emissão13
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 2024

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