The conversion of nitroarenes to aminoarenes is of great industrial interest since they are prevalent pollutants in water and aminoarenes are important intermediates in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, natural products and in bulk chemical production. In this work, two new catalysts for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) were prepared by immobilization of gold nanoparticles onto the surface of K10 montmorillonite clay (K10) functionalized with two new L-serine derivative organosilanes. Transmission electron microscopy showed the presence of 4–5 nm gold nanoparticles after catalysis. The reduction reaction of 4-NP to 4-AP at 25 °C, using NaBH4 as reducing agent, led to nearly 100% conversion in only 1 minute, presenting pseudo-first-order rate constants normalized for Au loading of K = 630 and 430 mmol−1 s−1. The catalysts showed high stability, leading to substrate conversions of 95–100% after 10 consecutive cycles, with negligible Au leaching.