Meaning of life therapy: a pilot study of a novel psycho-existential intervention for palliative care in cancer

Ana Rita Cardoso, Sónia Remondes-Costa, Elisa Veiga, Vera Almeida, José Rocha, Ricardo João Teixeira, Gerly Macedo, Manuela Leite*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

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Resumo

Intervention in Palliative Care aims to provide physical, psychosocial, and spiritual relief for patients and family members. Brief interventions with a psycho-existential approach have shown positive responses; however, cultural adaptations are needed. This pilot study aimed to develop the Meaning of Life Therapy (MLT), a novel psycho-existential intervention, rooted in the Dignity Therapy, Life Review, and Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy. MLT was culturally adapted to the Portuguese context to include questions about forgiveness, apology, reconciliation, farewell, and a legacy document, i.e., the Life Letter. Nine PC cancer patients answered a 14-question MLT protocol, intended to help patients find purpose and meaning in life. Eight themes emerged: Family, Preservation of Identity, Life Retrospective, Clinical Situation, Achievements, Socio-Professional Valorization, Forgiveness/Apology/Reconciliation, and Saying Goodbye. MLT has proved its ability to respond to the psycho-existential needs of PC patients. Further studies should be conducted to gain extensive knowledge of the effectiveness of culturally responsive interventions.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas1-36
Número de páginas36
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 29 mar. 2023

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