Modernismo e Sustentabilidade: Conjuntos Urbanos da Grande Lisboa, 1945-1973

Resultado de pesquisa

Resumo

The objective of this work is to illustrate how the sustainable development values (ecology, equity and economy) were already present in the modern city. To this end, four urban developments located in Greater Lisbon and planned between 1945 and 1973 were studied in depth: «Bairro das Estacas» in Alvalade – Lisbon; Nova Oeiras; Santo António dos Cavaleiros – Loures and Quinta do Mendes – Odivelas.
The main results suggest the importance of the value of ecology in the modern city, in the form of structuring and abundant green spaces, especially in the early accomplishments since this feature of modern urbanism tended to blur for reasons either of scarcity of soil or related with the return to traditional urban forms during the 1960s. The value of social equity, particularly expressed through a wide range of community facilities, proved to be more persistent in time as programmatic intent, though not always timely or fully realized. The value of economy tended to overlap the others, not only through increasing density of urban space, but also by the use of building technologies favouring economies of scale and process.
A multiple criteria evaluation model of sustainability of urban space was developed. From its application to the developments studied in depth resulted the impression of a greater degree of sustainability associated with pioneering interventions such as Nova Oeiras or «Bairro das Estacas». The latter combines green spaces and community facilities (inserted in Alvalade site) with a significant offer of trade and neighbourhood services, demonstrating an original and innovative characteristic of the Portuguese Modernism: the functional diversity, normally present except in less successful developments connected with functionalism such as Santo António dos Cavaleiros.
Idioma originalPortuguese
QualificaçãoDoctor of Philosophy
Instituição de premiação
  • Lusófona University
Supervisores/Consultores
  • Moutinho, Mário, Supervisor, Pessoa externa
Data do prémio11 nov 2014
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 2014

Citação