Molecular techniques and target selection for the identification of Candida spp. in oral samples

Joana Magalhães, Maria José Correia, Raquel M. Silva, Ana Cristina Esteves, Artur Alves, Ana Sofia Duarte*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

39 Transferências (Pure)

Resumo

Candida species are the causative agent of oral candidiasis, with medical devices being platforms for yeast anchoring and tissue colonization. Identifying the infectious agent involved in candidiasis avoids an empirical prescription of antifungal drugs. The application of high-throughput technologies to the diagnosis of yeast pathogens has clear advantages in sensitivity, accuracy, and speed. Yet, conventional techniques for the identification of Candida isolates are still routine in clinical and research settings. Molecular approaches are the focus of intensive research, but conversion into clinic settings requires overcoming important challenges. Several molecular approaches can accurately identify Candida spp.: Polymerase Chain Reaction, Microarray, High-Resolution Melting Analysis, Multi-Locus Sequence Typing, Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification, Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-mass spectrometry, and Next Generation Sequencing. This review examines the advantages and disadvantages of the current molecular methods used for Candida spp. Identification, with a special focus on oral candidiasis. Discussion regarding their application for the diagnosis of oral infections aims to identify the most rapid, affordable, accurate, and easy-to-perform molecular techniques to be used as a point-of-care testing method. Special emphasis is given to the difficulties that health care professionals need to overcome to provide an accurate diagnosis.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número do artigo9204
Número de páginas18
RevistaApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Número de emissão18
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 14 set 2022

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