Parental behavior, cognitive appraisal, and motivation in young athletes

A. Rui Gomes, A. Manuela Gonçalves, Olga Dias, Catarina Morais

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

8 Citações (Scopus)

Resumo

Purpose: This study tested two hypotheses relating young athletes’ sports motivations to parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal: (1) young athletes’ motivation in sports is related to their parents’ behavior; and (2) this relationship is mediated by cognitive appraisal, even after control- ling for competitive level and sports records. Method: This cross-sectional study included 673 young athletes and it measured the athletes’ perceptions of parental behaviors, cognitive appraisal, and sports motivation. Results: Structural equation modeling confirmed Hypothesis 1–the mother’s behaviors accounted for 15 to 16% of the variance in sports motivation, and the father’s behaviors accounted for 12 to 21% of the variance. The correlation patterns differed according to whether the athletes were evaluating the mother’s or father’s behaviors. Hypothesis 2 also was confirmed, for cognitive appraisal partially mediated the relationship between the perception of parental behaviors and sports motivation (34% of the variance was accounted for by the perception of the mother’s behavior; 30% by the father’s). The mediating model did not vary with competitive level or sports records. Conclusion: Parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal need to be taken into account to understand young athletes’ sports motivations.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (de-até)80-94
Número de páginas15
RevistaResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume90
Número de emissão1
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 2 jan. 2019
Publicado externamenteSim

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