Although it is known that fruit products are rich sources of natural bioactive compounds, information on the nutritional value of their waste parts is scarce. The objective was to characterize the edible (juice and pulp) and waste (peel and seeds) parts of Cantaloupe melon (Cucumis melon L. var. reticulatus) in terms of some physicochemical characteristics, bioactive compounds and total antioxidant activity. Juice, pulp, peel and seeds represent 42, 23, 25 and 7% of total weight, respectively. Juice and pulp presented identical profiles in terms of physicochemical characteristics, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity. They contributed to the majority of the overall content of carotenoids (80%) and vitamin C (84%) in Cantaloupe. Peel and seeds had the highest concentrations of potassium, being seeds the richest portion (7.08 ± 0.16 mg/g). Seeds had also the significantly highest total phenolics concentration (229.13 ± 20.92 µg/g), antioxidant activity (653.67 ± 169.20 µg/g), and soluble solids content (11.79 ± 0.90 °Brix). Peel stood out by the presence of chlorophylls. Since waste parts of Cantaloupe melon represent around 32% of total weight, their valorization is a challenge and strategies to improve ways of re-using them should be developed.