Red grape pomace extract: bioactive potential against bacteria, fungi and SARS-CoV-2

Adma Melo*, Tiago B. Afonso, Marta Carvalho, Cláudia Rodrigues, Tânia Ribeiro, Márcio Carocho, Miguel Marques Pinto, Freni Tavaria, Paula Teixeira, J. Pedro Simas, Lillian Barros, Manuela Pintado

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

12 Transferências (Pure)

Resumo

The outbreak of COVID-19 disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 forced the scientific world to search for new alternatives to help control the virus. Grape pomace, which is an industrial residue obtained from the winemaking process, has bioactive compounds derived from the grape [1], which can be a starting point for research on the use this residue as a source of new antiviral agents. Thus, the objective of this study was to obtain an extract from the by-product of red grapes discarded by the wine industry in Portugal to be used as an antiviral agent with possible application in disinfectants, fabrics or other materials. The red grape pomace extract was obtained by maceration in a hydroethanolic solution (ethanol:H2O 50:50 v/v) under optimized conditions and submitted to freeze drying. The extract was tested against pathogenic bacteria and a variety of fungi, and the antiviral activity was evaluated for SARS-CoV-2 in Vero cells. The extract showed antimicrobial activity against a large number of bacteria tested, e.g., B. cereus (1.56 mg/mL), L. monocytogenes and S. aureus (3.125 mg/mL), and E. coli and S. Typhimurium (50 mg/mL). Regarding its antifungal potential, this extract did not show inhibition against the environmental fungi tested, however, it inhibited two of the tested dermatophytes. T. mentagrophytes and the yeast M. furfur at a concentration of 6.25 mg/mL and 50 mg/mL, respectively. Regarding the antiviral activity, the results achieved for the viral titer was 6000 PFU/mL, the antiviral activity for SARS-CoV-2 was 1.36 ± 0.15 Mv and the percentage of reduction was of 95.38 ± 1.54%. The results showed that the obtained extract revealed consistent results of antiviral activity, presenting a potential for applications against SARS-CoV-2. In addition, it showed potential against some bacterial pathogens and fungal dermatophytes. Further studies are required for the validation and application of this extract.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas223-223
Número de páginas1
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 21 mar. 2023
EventoDare2Change : Innovation-Driven Agrifood Business - Centro de Congressos do Sur, Bock Arena, Porto
Duração: 21 mar. 202321 mar. 2023
https://dare2change.pt

Conferência

ConferênciaDare2Change
País/TerritórioPortugal
CidadePorto
Período21/03/2321/03/23
Endereço da Internet

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