Reduction of antibiotic resistance determinants in urban wastewater by ozone: emphasis on the impact of wastewater matrix towards the inactivation kinetics, toxicity and bacterial regrowth

I. C. Iakovides, K. Manoli, P. Karaolia, I. Michael-Kordatou, C. M. Manaia, D. Fatta-Kassinos*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

18 Citações (Scopus)

Resumo

This study investigated the impact of bench-scale ozonation on the inactivation of total cultivable and antibiotic-resistant bacteria (faecal coliforms, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus spp., and total heterotrophs), and the reduction of gene markers (16S rRNA and intl1) and antibiotic resistance genes (qacEΔ1, sul1, aadA1 and dfrA1) indigenously present in wastewater effluents treated by membrane bioreactor (MBR) or conventional activated sludge (CAS). The Chick-Watson model-predicted ozone exposure (CT) requirements, showed that higher CT values were needed for CAS- than MBR-treated effluents to achieve a 3-log reduction of each microbial group, i.e., ~30 and 10 gO3 min gDOC−1 respectively. Ozonation was efficient in inactivating the examined antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and no bacterial regrowth was observed after 72 h. The genes abundance decreased significantly by ozone, but an increase in their abundance was detected 72 h after storage of the treated samples. A very low removal of DOC was achieved and at the same time phyto- and eco-toxicity increased after the ozonation treatment in both wastewater matrices. The gene abundance, regrowth and toxicity results of this study may be of high environmental significance for comprehensive evaluation of ozone and may guide future studies in assessing these parameters for other oxidants/disinfectants.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número do artigo126527
Número de páginas13
RevistaJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume420
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 15 out. 2021

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