Tunable Enzymatically Cross-Linked Silk Fibroin Tubular Conduits for Guided Tissue Regeneration

Cristiana R. Carvalho, João B. Costa, Alain da Silva Morais, Rita López-Cebral, Joana Silva-Correia, Rui L. Reis, J. Miguel Oliveira*

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

32 Citações (Scopus)

Resumo

Hollow tubular conduits (TCs) with tunable architecture and biological properties are in great need for modulating cell functions and drug delivery in guided tissue regeneration. Here, a new methodology to produce enzymatically cross-linked silk fibroin TCs is described, which takes advantage of the tyrosine groups present in silk structure that are known to allow the formation of a covalently cross-linked hydrogel. Three different processing methods are used as a final step to modulate the properties of the silk-based TCs. This approach allows to virtually adjust any characteristic of the final TCs. The final microstructure ranges from a nonporous to a highly porous network, allowing the TCs to be selectively porous to 4 kDa molecules, but not to human skin fibroblasts. Mechanical properties are dependent both on the processing method and thickness of the TCs. Bioactivity is observed after 30 days of immersion in simulated body fluid only for the TCs submitted to a drying processing method (50 °C). The in vivo study performed in mice demonstrates the good biocompatibility of the TCs. The enzymatically cross-linked silk fibroin TCs are versatile and have adjustable characteristics that can be exploited in a variety of biomedical applications, particularly in guidance of peripheral nerve regeneration.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número do artigo1800186
RevistaAdvanced healthcare materials
Volume7
Número de emissão17
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 5 set. 2018
Publicado externamenteSim

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