What do we know about experiencing end-of-life in burn intensive care units? A scoping review

André Filipe Ribeiro, Sandra Martins Pereira*, Rui Nunes, Pablo Hernández-Marrero

*Autor correspondente para este trabalho

Resultado de pesquisarevisão de pares

3 Citações (Scopus)
16 Transferências (Pure)

Resumo

Objectives: The aim of this article is to review and synthesize the evidence on end-of-life in burn intensive care units. Methods: Systematic scoping review: Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Reviews exten- sion for Scoping Reviews was used as a reporting guideline. Searches were performed in 3 databases, with no time restriction and up to September 2021. Results: A total of 16,287 documents were identified; 18 were selected for analysis and syn- thesis. Three key themes emerged: (i) characteristics of the end-of-life in burn intensive care units, including end-of-life decisions, decision-making processes, causes, and trajectories of death; (ii) symptom control at the end-of-life in burn intensive care units focusing on patients’ comfort; and (iii) concepts, models, and designs of the care provided to burned patients at the end-of-life, mainly care approaches, provision of care, and palliative care. Significance of results: End-of-life care is a major step in the care provided to critically ill burned patients. Dying and death in burn intensive care units are often preceded by end-of-life decisions, namely forgoing treatment and do-not-attempt to resuscitate. Different dying trajec- tories were described, suggesting the possibility to develop further studies to identify triggers for palliative care referral. Symptom control was not described in detail. Palliative care was rarely involved in end-of-life care for these patients. This review highlights the need for early and high-quality palliative and end-of-life care in the trajectories of critically ill burned patients, leading to an improved perception of end-of-life in burn intensive care units. Further research is needed to study the best way to provide optimal end-of-life care and foster integrated palliative care in burn intensive care units.
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (de-até)741-757
Número de páginas17
RevistaPalliative and Supportive Care
Volume21
Número de emissão4
DOIs
Estado da publicaçãoPublicado - 1 ago. 2023

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